Large-scale industries like manufacturing and mining produce millions of gallons of wastewater every day. This wastewater can be reused or returned to the environment after going through a wastewater treatment plant. The average time it takes to successfully treat water once it enters the plant is heavily influenced by the technology available. While treatment can take less than a day in some plants, it can take up to 36 hours in others. But if a plant is equipped with the latest process automation technology, wastewater treatment takes less time.
What is intrinsic safety?
The best form of protection is prevention. So when it comes to electricity, low voltage and current flow is the way to go.
Keeping people and equipment safe is a top priority for anyone who works with electrical equipment in a hazardous area. Intrinsic safety is key. An intrinsically safe system is one in which the current and voltage are kept so low that there is not enough energy to produce arcs, sparks, flames, or explosions.
There are times when you need only an intrinsic safety barrier or surge protection to get the job done. But what if you need more than just a component, something more customized, something like a complete system solution—including documentation and certification? Sure, you could always build your own and have it certified yourself. But it's time consuming, and the number of approval standards and certification bodies is enormous. You really need to be focusing on keeping your plant running.
NAMUR sensors are used in hazardous locations, and can provide both explosion hazard and personal safety protection. NAMUR sensors and switch isolators are highly reliable and have proven-in-use characteristics, making them a perfect choice for safety-related applications when connected to suitable control circuits.
Most devices are independently rated with Probability of Failure on Demand (PFD) and Safe Failure Fractions (SFF) that enable them to be used in functional safety areas up to SIL2 or SIL3. In this blog, Product Manager Robert Schosker talks about how to connect a NAMUR sensor to switch amplifier KFA5-SR2-Ex2.W, and then tests to ensure proper operation.
A few weeks back, an interesting question came in from a customer regarding an article that I wrote about intrinsic safety. Here's a link to the article, "Intrinsic Safety 101 - Hazardous Locations."
A signal conditioner is a device that changes or boosts the signal between the controller and the field device to make sure the communication works properly. A common application for signal conditioners is when you have a mV input from a thermocouple going into a
4 mA … 20 mA input card. A signal conditioner converts the mV signal into a 4 mA … 20 mA signal. In this blog, we will discuss 6 signal conditioners that all engineers should be aware of.
Zener Barriers with blown fuses, blinking error lights, and IS barriers in a Class I, Div. 2 area...
Are you ready to learn more about intrinsic safety? This is our second installment of Ask an Expert, where we sit down with a product expert and answer questions from customers like you.
To answer the question of whether you need to use an isolated barrier device with your sensor, it’s helpful to first answer the following two questions:
During the years I have worked at Pepperl+Fuchs, I have been asked a lot of questions regarding the implementation of intrinsic safety, or IS for short. As they say, “Knowing is half the battle,” so I decided to share a few of those questions and answers.